House buyers are borrowing more than ever, and paying more for the privilege thanks to increasing interest rates — and they’re also looking for different things than once they were.
Borrowing is still booming — but for how long?
The story a month ago was that more people are borrowing more money, according to Bank of England figures. The number of approvals dropped in February, but in all honesty the drop was small enough (70,933 in February compared to January’s 73,841) that it’s quite possibly a statistical glitch due to the short month. And while the number of mortgages might be down, their value is up; in February the total value lent rose from £16.6bn to £16.7bn despite the drop in numbers, and the average value of a mortgage loan is 10.4% higher than this time last year. On top of that, average 2-year fix interest rates are also substantially higher: 1.65% compared to 1.3% a year ago, base on a 60% LTV mortgage.
None of this is to say that the market is still soaring upwards: mortgage lending always trails the property market, since no money is actually lent until completion. And Savills’ director of research Lawrence Bowles pulls no punches in his warning that things will change before long: ‘With the Bank of England looking set to increase the base rate of increase further through the year, we can expect to see further rises in mortgage interest costs. That will limit what buyers can pay, especially with the affordability stress tests currently in place and rapidly rising energy prices putting pressure on household finances.
‘While the imbalance between resilient demand and very low level of stock available is continuing to support price growth, we can expect to see mortgage advances and other measures of transaction activity start to ease as we head towards the autumn.’
Tom Bill of Knight Frank appears to be more cautious in his analysis, citing the relatively small amount of new property on the market: despite the expected ‘spring surge’, the effect of Covid on the property market is going to ‘linger for longer’, he says. Demand is ‘consistently strong’, but as to supply, ‘there was only a modest increase in the first six weeks of this year’.
Cathedral cities are more popular than ever
‘We are now seeing demand 20% higher for properties in these cathedral cities than the country at large,’ says Dominic Agace, chief executive at Winkworth. The cities most benefiting from the effect are Bath, Winchester, Canterbury and Exeter, with buyers keen from within the UK and overseas — in particular South-East Asia.
Why now? Agents put it down to the ongoing demand for hybrid working in a post-pandemic world. They also cite the Bridgerton effect, though we’re not sure why someone would be inspired to buy a house because of the second series of a Netflix show… still, it all helps the PR department write their emails.
Many people are returning to cities, but their priorities have changed
‘The rush to the country was magnetic at the start of the pandemic,’ says Will Watson, partner at The Buying Solution, ‘but we’re now seeing many more migrating back — there’s been a 50% increase on the same time last year. Homes in the capital need to work harder than ever as buyers want to find that classic balance between rural and urban.’
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Reporting: Annunciata Elwes, Carla Passino, Toby Keel
Credit: Knight Frank
Catch up on the best country houses for sale this week that have come to the market via Country Life.